BUILDing Sustainable Action for Fisher folks’ Enhanced livelihoods towards Resiliency (BUILD SAFER)
Typhoon Haiyan, locally known as Yolanda, devastated the Philippines in November 8, 2013. The cyclone
caused so much destruction in the Visayas, particularly in Samar and Leyte, killing at least 6,300 and
injuring 28,626 while around 1,785 are still missing. The impact was widespread, affecting a total of
3,424,593 families or around 16,070,181 persons in 44 provinces, covering Regions IVâ€A, IVâ€B, V, VI, VII,
VIII, X, XI and CARAGA (Agusan & Surigao provinces). More than 1 million suffered housing damages—
around half were totally damaged while the other half sustained partial damages. A total of 90 billion as of April 14, 2014 worth of infrastructure, productive assets, social and crossâ€sectoral assets were damaged.
Northern Cebu, being in the direct path of the typhoon was one of the hardâ€hit areas. The super typhoon made its 3rd and 4th landfall in Daanbantayan and Bantayan Island, respectively after
crossing Guian, Eastern Samar and Tolosa, Leyte.
Bantayan Island is located northwest of mainland Cebu while Daanbantayan is in the northernmost tip of Cebu mainland. Bantayan Island is composed of 3 municipalities - Bantayan, Sta. Fe and Madridejos. Bantayan municipality has the largest population, biggest land area of around 8,168 hectares and the most number of farmers and fishers. Madridejos town has 4,036 hectares and Sta. Fe with 2,902 hectares. Daanbantayan meanwhile is about 9,227 hectares. Bantayan Island has a total population of 136,960 divided into 3 municipalities while Daanbantayan has a population of 74,897
Damage and Losses
The Cebu Provincial Government reported a total of 122,482 damaged houses for Northern Cebu. Out
of this figure, Bantayan and Daanbantayan suffered the most, with 22,629 and 20,067 respectively.
Homes and buildings constructed of native materials were completely destroyed. These structures make
up the majority of the poor coastal community homes along the shores of Daanbanatayan and Bantayan
Livelihoods and employment were heavily affected as well. Based on the Office of Provincial
Agriculturist, Cebu Provincial Government, the total damages in Northern Cebu for livelihoods reached
PhP1.3 billion, 63% of which were from 3 Bantayan island municipalities while Daanbantayan got 7% of
Being a coastal area, fishing is the main livelihood for the four municipalities. With high winds and the
storm surge, the fishery sector suffered the highest rates of asset loss, leading to livelihood setbacks. As
Table 1 shows, damages in the fishery sector reached PhP 100 million. Specifically, 2,238 fishing boats
were damaged, 99% of which were from the small or traditional fishermen.
After Typhoon Haiyan, much damage has been reported to the mangrove ecosystems. However, no
damage assessments on the mangrove destruction has been done, but fisher folk leaders from
Bantayan Island reported that an average of 50% was damaged. Mangrove areas in Barangay Sungko
and Oboâ€ob also sustained around 30â€50% damages after the typhoon. These are 2 barangays with big
mangrove cover in the Municipality of Bantayan. The areas enumerated above needs to be rehabilitated
for it to continue providing the necessary environmental and risk mitigation services. Coral reefs were
also damaged with the branching corals showing great physical damage. According to a study, pelagic
and reef fish abundance and biomass decreased by up to 80 â€ 90% after the typhoon especially inside
the Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
The target families live in coastal communities in Daanbantayan and Bantayan Island and majority of
these families are highly dependent on coastal fisheries for their livelihoods. Most of these coastal
communities are poor and in fact the fisher folks are considered to be the poorest sector in the country.
With massive destruction from typhoon Haiyan to their households and productive assets including the
coastal resource base, the affected population is now facing a higher degree of vulnerability that could
render them unable to face another disaster in the future as they have the fewest resources and ability
to recover their livelihoods. This condition with the attendant interâ€related causes surfaced during the
problem analysis that Tambuyog Development Center facilitated in the target areas and is summarized
in the diagram below.
The project is being implemented in 15 coastal barangays of the four (4) municipalities of Northern Cebu
â€ Daanbantayan, Bantayan, Santa Fe and Madridejos in partnership with the Lutheran World Relief (LWR).
The project addresses the increased vulnerabilities of the fifteen (15) coastal barangays, 10
of which are in Bantayan Island while five (5) are in Daanbantayan after the onslaught of Typhoon
Yolanda (International Name Haiyan). Contributing to the inherent vulnerability of island and fishing
communities, as well as the high poverty incidence in the fishing sector, are the damaged and/or lost
primary livelihood assets, lack of supplemental livelihood/ income sources and the limited adaptive
capacity of coastal communities to climate related changes. The lack of localized updated weather and
climate related information and plans further lessen the capacity of the communities to respond to the
ever changing needs of the coastal and fishing communities.
The goal of the project for the 2,500 partner- beneficiaries to recover and rebuild their livelihoods in ways to maximize their resilience to future disasters.
BUILD SAFER aims to achieve the following;
(1) Disasterâ€affected people from Bantayan Island and Daanbantayan increase livelihood diversification to improve resilience to shocks and stresses;
(2) Disasterâ€affected people from Bantayan Is and Daanbantayan increase productivity from primary livelihoods to improve resilience to shocks and stresses; and,
(3) Communities have improved absorptive and adaptive capacities in livelihood resilience.
These will be achieved through the proposed strategies including the number of beneficiaries/participants for each: